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    Compatible Finisar Cisco T-DQ4CNT-N00 TOP-400G QSFP-DD 400Gb/s QSFP-DD FR4 2km SMF Optical Transceiver QSFP-DD MSA compliant,4 CWDM lanes MUX/DEMUX design,100G Lambda MSA 400G-FR4 Specification compliant,Up to 2km transmission on single mode fiber (SMF) with FEC,Operating case temperature: 0 to 70oC,8x53.125Gb/s electrical interface (400GAUI-8),Data Rate 106.25Gbps (PAM4) per channel.,Maximum power consumption 12W,Duplex LC connector,RoHS compliant

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  • QSFP+ 40G
    Finisar FTL410QE4C Compatible 40GBASE SR4 40GBASE-SR4 850nm 150m Gen4 QSFP+ Fiber Module

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  • 100GBASE QSFP28 Optical Module
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  • 100GBASE QSFP28
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    The 100G QSFP28 100GBASE-LR4 10KM transceiver data sheet (singlemode, 1310nm, 10km) is Compatible with Linksys, Ericsson, DCN, Allied, price list on Topstar , buy it now!

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  • 100G CFP
    100G CFP 1310km 10KM 100Gbase-LR4 5G Wireless SFP Transceiver

    The 100G CFP 1310km 10KM 100Gbase-LR4 transceiver's designs are optimized for high performance and cost efficiency to provide customers the best solutions for Datacom and Telecom applications. Hot Pluggable CFP MSA package,IEEE 802.3ba 100GBASE-LR4 compliant,ITU-T 4I1-9D1F compliant,CFP-MSA-HW-Spec-rev1-40 compliant,Up to 10km for G.652 SMF,Receiver: 4-lane x 25Gb/s PIN ROSAs,Transmitter: 4-lane x 25Gb/s LAN-WDM EA-DFB TOSAs (1295.56,1300.05,1304.58,1309.14nm),10x10G Electrical Serial,Interface (CAUI/OTL4.10),MDIO management interface with Digital Diagnostic,+3.3V power supply,Power consumption less than 12W,Compact size: 144.75 x 82 x 13.6 mm,Operating case temperature: 0 to +70 ℃,Duplex SC or LC Receptacle,ROHs-6 compliant

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  • 100G CFP2
    100G CFP2 100GBASE-SR10 100GBASE optical transceiver

    The 100G CFP2 100GBASE-SR10 transceiver's with 10 channels, designs are optimized for high performance and cost efficiency to provide customers the best solutions for Datacom and Telecom applications.

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QSFP-40G-LR4 Transceiver: QSFP+ CWDM vs PSM

2021 / 02 / 05

QSFP-40G-LR4 Transceiver: QSFP+ CWDM vs PSM

QSFP+ transceiver, the updated version of QSFP (Quad Small Form-Factor Pluggable), is known by providing four 10-Gigabit transmit and receive channels in a single pluggable optical module for an aggregate bandwidth of 40 Gbps. It’s nowadays widely adopted to provide high-density and low-power 40 Gigabit Ethernet connectivity. Based on the root of QSFP+ transceiver, types of 40G transceivers have been bred, such as QSFP+ 40G LR4 CWDM and 40G PSM LR4. In this post, a comparison between QSFP 40G LR4 CWDM and 40G LR4 PSM will be explored.

CWDM and PSM Basics

Before the comparison, it’s necessary to go through some basics of CWDM and PSM:

CWDM (Coarse Wavelength Division Multiplexing): As one type of WDM, CWDM is used to combine multiple signals on laser beams at various wavelengths for transmission along with fiber optic cables. It is typically deployed in point-to-point topology in enterprise networks and telecom access networks.

PSM (Parallel Single Mode Fiber): It is a technology that enables signals transmitted or received over four parallel fibers in each direction rather than over multiple channels on a single fiber.

QSFP-40G-LR4 CWDM Transceiver

QSFP-40G-LR4 CWDM transceiver commonly refers to the QSFP+ 40G LR4 transceiver. With a duplex LC interface, QSFP+ CWDM LR4 is compliant to 40GBASE-LR4 of the IEEE P802.3ba standard. It contains four unbiased transmit and receive channels, with each channel carrying a 10G optical transmission. The maximum transmission distance of this QSFP+ transceiver type is 10 km. To minimize the optical dispersion in the long-haul system, the single mode fiber (SMF) has to be used.

This QSFP-40G-LR4 CWDM transceiver works by converting 4 input channels of 10G electrical data to 4 CWDM optical signals by a driven 4-wavelength distributed feedback (DFB) laser array, and then multiplexes them into a single channel for 40G optical transmission, propagating out of the transmitter module from the SMF. Reversely, the receiver module accepts the output of 40G QSFP CWDM optical signal and demultiplexes it into four 10G separate channels with different wavelengths.


The central wavelengths of the 4 CWDM channels are 1271, 1291, 1311 and 1331 nm, which comply with CWDM wavelength grid defined by ITU-T G694.2. Each wavelength channel is collected by a discrete photodiode and output as electric data after being amplified by a trans-impedance amplifier (TIA).

QSFP-40G-LR4 PSM Transceiver

QSFP-40G-LR4 PSM is also named as QSFP-40G-PLR4 by some vendors like  TOPSTAR. Equipped with an MTP/MPO fiber ribbon interface, the LR4 PSM QSFP+ transceiver offers 4 independent transmit and receive lanes, each capable of 10G operation up to 10 km over single mode fiber.

QSFP-40G-LR4 PSM works in a way that the transmitter module accepts electrical input signals compatible with common mode logic (CML) levels. Then the receiver module converts parallel input signals via a photodetector array into output signals. The output signals of the receive module are also voltage compatible with CML levels. Usually, there are guide pins inside the MTP/MPO interface receptacle for proper channel to channel alignment. In that case, when users plug an optical cable with the MTP/MPO connector into a QSFP+ transceiver receptacle, the cable cannot be twisted in case of alignment failure.


QSFP-40G-LR4 CWDM vs. PSM: What’s the Difference?

As 40G QSFP+ transceivers, both 40G LR4 CWDM and PSM are used for long-distance transmission. However, in the aspects of optical transmitter (optical Tx), optical MUX/DEMUX, interface, and fiber, they have different features as listed in the following table.




Optical Tx

4 uncooled 1300nm CWDM directly-modulated lasers (20nm wavelength spacing)

4 integrated silicon photonic modulators and one CW laser (uncooled 1300nm DFB laser)





Duplex LC

MTP/MPO fiber ribbon


2 single-mode fibers

8 single-mode fibers



Can QSFP-40G-LR4 CWDM and PSM Transceivers Be Used for 4x10G?

It depends on your QSFP+ transceiver type. When you use the QSFP-40G-LR4 CWDM transceiver, it cannot be split into 4x10G. That’s because it uses 4 wavelengths on a pair of single mode fiber with LC duplex interface, and does not allow itself to split into 4 pairs without substantial complexity to split out the wavelengths. However, if you use a QSFP-40G-LR4 PSM transceiver, the answer will be different. 40GBASE-LR4 PSM QSFP+ transceiver can be used for 4x10G, because it uses parallel (ribbon) fiber with MTP/MPO interface, which allows the creation of 4 fiber pairs.

What’s the Difference Between QSFP+ PSM IR4 and 40G QSFP+ PSM LR4 Transceivers?

These two QSFP+ transceivers are both the integrated four-channel optical transceivers with MTP/MPO fiber ribbon interfaces. The only difference lies in their supported transmission distance. 40G PSM LR4 is used to support a transmission distance no further than 10 km while 40G PSM IR4 is 1.4 km.


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